What Is Ripple? – Wiki, Advantages, Applications - Bitnewsbot
Ripple (Geldsystem) - de.LinkFang.org
Ripple Labs. All about cryptocurrency - BitcoinWiki
Geschichte des Ripples - Kurs ab 2013 - BitcoinWiki
The Great Bitcoin Bull Market Of 2017 by Trace Mayer
By: Trace Mayer, host of The Bitcoin Knowledge Podcast. Originally posted here with images and Youtube videos. I just got back from a two week vacation without Internet as I was scouring some archeological ruins. I hardly thought about Bitcoin at all because there were so many other interesting things and it would be there when I got back. Jimmy Song suggested I do an article on the current state of Bitcoin. A great suggestion but he is really smart (he worked on Armory after all!) so I better be thorough and accurate! Therefore, this article will be pretty lengthy and meticulous. BACKGROUND As I completely expected, the 2X movement from the New York Agreement that was supposed to happen during the middle of my vacation flopped on its face because Jeff Garzik was driving the clown car with passengers willfully inside like Coinbase, Blockchain.info, Bitgo and Xapo and there were here massive bugS and in the code and miners like Bitmain did not want to allocate $150-350m to get it over the difficulty adjustments. I am very disappointed in their lack of integrity with putting their money where their mouths are; myself and many others wanted to sell a lot of B2X for BTC! On 7 December 2015, with Bitcoin trading at US$388.40, I wrote The Rise of the Fourth Great Bitcoin Bubble. On 4 December 2016, with Bitcoin trading at US$762.97, I did this interview:
As of 26 November 2017, Bitcoin is trading around US$9,250.00. That is an increase of about 2,400% since I wrote the article prognosticating this fourth great Bitcoin bull market. I sure like being right, like usual (19 Dec 2011, 1 Jul 2013), especially when there are financial and economic consequences. With such massive gains in such a short period of time the speculative question becomes: Buy, Hold or Sell? FUNDAMENTALS Bitcoin is the decentralized censorship-resistant Internet Protocol for transferring value over a communications channel. The Bitcoin network can use traditional Internet infrastructure. However, it is even more resilient because it has custom infrastructure including, thanks to Bitcoin Core developer Matt Corrallo, the FIBRE network and, thanks to Blockstream, satellites which reduce the cost of running a full-node anywhere in the world to essentially nothing in terms of money or privacy. Transactions can be cheaply broadcast via SMS messages. SECURITY The Bitcoin network has a difficulty of 1,347,001,430,559 which suggests about 9,642,211 TH/s of custom ASIC hardware deployed. At a retail price of approximately US$105/THs that implies about $650m of custom ASIC hardware deployed (35% discount applied). This custom hardware consumes approximately 30 TWh per year. That could power about 2.8m US households or the entire country of Morocco which has a population of 33.85m. This Bitcoin mining generates approximately 12.5 bitcoins every 10 minutes or approximately 1,800 per day worth approximately US$16,650,000. Bitcoin currently has a market capitalization greater than $150B which puts it solidly in the top-30 of M1 money stock countries and a 200 day moving average of about $65B which is increasing about $500m per day. Average daily volumes for Bitcoin is around US$5B. That means multi-million dollar positions can be moved into and out of very easily with minimal slippage. When my friend Andreas Antonopolous was unable to give his talk at a CRYPSA event I was invited to fill in and delivered this presentation, impromptu, on the Seven Network Effects of Bitcoin. These seven network effects of Bitcoin are (1) Speculation, (2) Merchants, (3) Consumers, (4) Security [miners], (5) Developers, (6) Financialization and (7) Settlement Currency are all taking root at the same time and in an incredibly intertwined way. With only the first network effect starting to take significant root; Bitcoin is no longer a little experiment of magic Internet money anymore. Bitcoin is monster growing at a tremendous rate!!
SPECULATION For the Bitcoin price to remain at $9,250 it requires approximately US$16,650,000 per day of capital inflow from new hodlers. Bitcoin is both a Giffen good and a Veblen good. A Giffen good is a product that people consume more of as the price rises and vice versa — seemingly in violation of basic laws of demand in microeconomics such as with substitute goods and the income effect. Veblen goods are types of luxury goods for which the quantity demanded increases as the price increases in an apparent contradiction of the law of demand. There are approximately 16.5m bitcoins of which ~4m are lost, ~4-6m are in deep cold storage, ~4m are in cold storage and ~2-4m are salable. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/lost-bitcoins-1.jpg) (http://www.runtogold.com/images/lost-bitcoins-2.jpg) And forks like BCash (BCH) should not be scary but instead be looked upon as an opportunity to take more territory on the Bitcoin blockchain by trading the forks for real bitcoins which dries up more salable supply by moving it, likely, into deep cold storage. According to Wikipedia, there are approximately 15.4m millionaires in the United States and about 12m HNWIs ($30m+ net worth) in the world. In other words, if every HNWI in the world wanted to own an entire bitcoin as a 'risk-free asset' that cannot be confiscated, seized or have the balance other wise altered then they could not. For wise portfolio management, these HNWIs should have at least about 2-5% in gold and 0.5-1% in bitcoin. Why? Perhaps some of the 60+ Saudis with 1,700 frozen bank accounts and about $800B of assets being targetted might be able to explain it to you. In other words, everyone loves to chase the rabbit and once they catch it then know that it will not get away. RETAIL There are approximately 150+ significant Bitcoin exchanges worldwide. Kraken, according to the CEO, was adding about 6,000 new funded accounts per day in July 2017. Supposedly, Coinbase is currently adding about 75,000 new accounts per day. Based on some trade secret analytics I have access to; I would estimate Coinbase is adding approximately 17,500 new accounts per day that purchase at least US$100 of Bitcoin. If we assume Coinbase accounts for 8% of new global Bitcoin users who purchase at least $100 of bitcoins (just pulled out of thin error and likely very conservative as the actual number is perhaps around 2%) then that is approximately $21,875,000 of new capital coming into Bitcoin every single day just from retail demand from 218,750 total new accounts. What I have found is that most new users start off buying US$100-500 and then after 3-4 months months they ramp up their capital allocation to $5,000+ if they have the funds available. After all, it takes some time and practical experience to learn how to safely secure one's private keys. To do so, I highly recommendBitcoin Core (network consensus and full validation of the blockchain), Armory (private key management), Glacier Protocol (operational procedures) and a Puri.sm laptop (secure non-specialized hardware). WALL STREET There has been no solution for large financial fiduciaries to invest in Bitcoin. This changed November 2017. LedgerX, whose CEO I interviewed 23 March 2013, began trading as a CFTC regulated Swap Execution Facility and Derivatives Clearing Organization. The CME Group announced they will begin trading in Q4 2017 Bitcoin futures. The CBOE announced they will begin trading Bitcoin futures soon. By analogy, these institutional products are like connecting a major metropolis's water system (US$90.4T and US$2 quadrillion) via a nanoscopic shunt to a tiny blueberry ($150B) that is infinitely expandable. This price discovery could be the most wild thing anyone has ever experienced in financial markets. THE GREAT CREDIT CONTRACTION The same week Bitcoin was released I published my book The Great Credit Contraction and asserted it had now begun and capital would burrow down the liquidity pyramid into safer and more liquid assets. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/Great-Credit-Contraction-Liquidity-Pyramid.jpg) Thus, the critical question becomes: Is Bitcoin a possible solution to the Great Credit Contraction by becoming the safest and most liquid asset? BITCOIN'S RISK PROFILE At all times and in all circumstances gold remains money but, of course, there is always exchange rate risk due to price ratios constantly fluctuating. If the metal is held with a third-party in allocated-allocated storage (safest possible) then there is performance risk (Morgan Stanley gold storage lawsuit). But, if properly held then, there should be no counter-party risk which requires the financial ability of a third-party to perform like with a bank account deposit. And, since gold exists at a single point in space and time therefore it is subject to confiscation or seizure risk. Bitcoin is a completely new asset type. As such, the storage container is nearly empty with only $150B. And every Bitcoin transaction effectively melts down every BTC and recasts it; thus ensuring with 100% accuracy the quantity and quality of the bitcoins. If the transaction is not on the blockchain then it did not happen. This is the strictest regulation possible; by math and cryptography! This new immutable asset, if properly secured, is subject only to exchange rate risk. There does exist the possibility that a software bug may exist that could shut down the network, like what has happened with Ethereum, but the probability is almost nil and getting lower everyday it does not happen. Thus, Bitcoin arguably has a lower risk profile than even gold and is the only blockchain to achieve security, scalability and liquidity. To remain decentralized, censorship-resistant and immutable requires scalability so as many users as possible can run full-nodes. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/ethereum-bitcoin-scability-nov-2017.png) TRANSACTIONS Some people, probably mostly those shilling alt-coins, think Bitcoin has a scalability problem that is so serious it requires a crude hard fork to solve. On the other side of the debate, the Internet protocol and blockchain geniuses assert the scalability issues can, like other Internet Protocols have done, be solved in different layers which are now possible because of Segregated Witness which was activated in August 2017. Whose code do you want to run: the JV benchwarmers or the championship Chicago Bulls? As transaction fees rise, certain use cases of the Bitcoin blockchain are priced out of the market. And as the fees fall then they are economical again. Additionally, as transaction fees rise, certain UTXOs are no longer economically usable thus destroying part of the money supply until fees decline and UTXOs become economical to move. There are approximately 275,000-350,000 transactions per day with transaction fees currently about $2m/day and the 200 DMA is around $1.08m/day. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/bitcoin-transaction-fees-nov-2017.png) What I like about transaction fees is that they somewhat reveal the financial health of the network. The security of the Bitcoin network results from the miners creating solutions to proof of work problems in the Bitcoin protocol and being rewarded from the (1) coinbase reward which is a form of inflation and (2) transaction fees which is a form of usage fee. The higher the transaction fees then the greater implied value the Bitcoin network provides because users are willing to pay more for it. I am highly skeptical of blockchains which have very low transaction fees. By Internet bubble analogy, Pets.com may have millions of page views but I am more interested in EBITDA. DEVELOPERS Bitcoin and blockchain programming is not an easy skill to acquire and master. Most developers who have the skill are also financially independent now and can work on whatever they want. The best of the best work through the Bitcoin Core process. After all, if you are a world class mountain climber then you do not hang out in the MacDonalds play pen but instead climb Mount Everest because that is where the challenge is. However, there are many talented developers who work in other areas besides the protocol. Wallet maintainers, exchange operators, payment processors, etc. all need competent developers to help build their businesses. Consequently, there is a huge shortage of competent developers. This is probably the largest single scalability constraint for the ecosystem. Nevertheless, the Bitcoin ecosystem is healthier than ever before. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/bitcoin-ecosystem.jpg)(/images/bitcoin-ecosystem-small.jpg) SETTLEMENT CURRENCY There are no significant global reserve settlement currency use cases for Bitcoin yet. Perhaps the closest is Blockstream's Strong Federations via Liquid. PRICE There is a tremendous amount of disagreement in the marketplace about the value proposition of Bitcoin. Price discovery for this asset will be intense and likely take many cycles of which this is the fourth. Since the supply is known the exchange rate of Bitcoins is composed of (1) transactional demand and (2) speculative demand. Interestingly, the price elasticity of demand for the transactional demand component is irrelevant to the price. This makes for very interesting dynamics! (http://www.runtogold.com/images/bitcoin-speculation.jpg) On 4 May 2017, Lightspeed Venture Partners partner Jeremy Liew who was among the early Facebook investors and the first Snapchat investor laid out their case for bitcoin exploding to $500,000 by 2030. On 2 November 2017, Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein (https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-11-02/blankfein-says-don-t-dismiss-bitcoin-while-still-pondering-value)said, "Now we have paper that is just backed by fiat...Maybe in the new world, something gets backed by consensus." On 12 Sep 2017, JP Morgan CEO called Bitcoin a 'fraud' but conceded that "(http://fortune.com/2017/09/12/jamie-dimon-bitcoin-cryptocurrency-fraud-buy/)Bitcoin could reach $100,000". Thus, it is no surprise that the Bitcoin chart looks like a ferret on meth when there are such widely varying opinions on its value proposition. I have been around this space for a long time. In my opinion, those who scoffed at the thought of $1 BTC, $10 BTC (Professor Bitcorn!), $100 BTC, $1,000 BTC are scoffing at $10,000 BTC and will scoff at $100,000 BTC, $1,000,000 BTC and even $10,000,000 BTC. Interestingly, the people who understand it the best seem to think its financial dominance is destiny. Meanwhile, those who understand it the least make emotionally charged, intellectually incoherent bearish arguments. A tremendous example of worldwide cognitive dissonance with regards to sound money, technology and the role or power of the State. Consequently, I like looking at the 200 day moving average to filter out the daily noise and see the long-term trend. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/bitcoin-price-200dma-nov-2017.png) Well, that chart of the long-term trend is pretty obvious and hard to dispute. Bitcoin is in a massive secular bull market. The 200 day moving average is around $4,001 and rising about $30 per day. So, what do some proforma situations look like where Bitcoin may be undervalued, average valued and overvalued? No, these are not prognostications. (http://www.runtogold.com/images/bitcoin-price-pro-forma.png) Maybe Jamie Dimon is not so off his rocker after all with a $100,000 price prediction. We are in a very unique period of human history where the collective globe is rethinking what money is and Bitcoin is in the ring battling for complete domination. Is or will it be fit for purpose? As I have said many times before, if Bitcoin is fit for this purpose then this is the largest wealth transfer in the history of the world. CONCLUSION Well, this has been a brief analysis of where I think Bitcoin is at the end of November 2017. The seven network effects are taking root extremely fast and exponentially reinforcing each other. The technological dominance of Bitcoin is unrivaled. The world is rethinking what money is. Even CEOs of the largest banks and partners of the largest VC funds are honing in on Bitcoin's beacon. While no one has a crystal ball; when I look in mine I see Bitcoin's future being very bright. Currently, almost everyone who has bought Bitcoin and hodled is sitting on unrealized gains as measured in fiat currency. That is, after all, what uncharted territory with daily all-time highs do! But perhaps there is a larger lesson to be learned here. Riches are getting increasingly slippery because no one has a reliable defined tool to measure them with. Times like these require incredible amounts of humility and intelligence guided by macro instincts. Perhaps everyone should start keeping books in three numéraires: USD, gold and Bitcoin. Both gold and Bitcoin have never been worth nothing. But USD is a fiat currency and there are thousands of those in the fiat currency graveyard. How low can the world reserve currency go? After all, what is the risk-free asset? And, whatever it is, in The Great Credit Contraction you want it! What do you think? Disagree with some of my arguments or assertions? Please, eviscerate them on Twitter or in the comments!
What is layer protocol? The Layer Protocol is a borderless reputation and incentive system that unifies sharing economy companies across the world, creating a next-generation, decentralized global authority of user behavior reputation. Layer seeks to be the decentralized credit scoring agency of the future. Read more from Whitepaper. When is the token generation event? The TGE is scheduled for Q3-2018. We'll be releasing our detailed Q3 roadmap shortly. Please have patience. What currency is the token value pegged to? The token value is pegged to USD. Exact price in ETH is yet to be announced. 1 LRX = 0.0375 USD. When will whitelisting be available? No set date for whitelisting, however it will precede the Token Generation Event (TGE) which is scheduled for Q3 2018. How many team members? The team has 9 members. Where is the Layer Protocol team from? The team is based in Silicon Valley, United States. The Layer Foundation is based in Switzerland. For more information about team members please see our official website. Who will use the platform? The platform will be used by companies in the sharing economy where there is a need for a reliable database of its users reputation. When and which exchanges will the project list on? The project is not listed anywhere, because token sale is not completed yet. We can't give out any details on exchange listings prior to simultaneous announcement from us and the exchange(s). Where can we find the roadmap? Here's our roadmap for the next 6 months: https://medium.com/layerprotocol/the-layer-protocol-roadmap-9a5b372c39af Why rebrand from Pin Protocol? What changes were made? We rebranded Pin Protocol to Layer Protocol because of a similar-name scam project named “Pincoin” . We didn’t want to be associated with that project in any form. New name was the only change. More info here. What is Spin and how is it associated with Layer Protocol? Spin has been one of the fastest-growing and most talked-about companies in Silicon Valley in 2018, and this is how most of the community knows about Layer. The co-founders of Spin started Layer, and have been pretty vocal about this when talking about Layer. Layer came about as it solves a crucial problem for Spin, and also because it has compelling potential independently as a decentralized reputation protocol for other platforms. The continuing rapid growth of Spin drives more adoption and distribution for Layer. Who are your Partners? Origin Protocol - Origin is a protocol for creating sharing economy marketplaces using the Ethereum blockchain and IPFS. More about the partnership here. Insight Network - Layer Protocol is partnering with Insights Network to be its KYC solution, providing an efficient, streamlined process for identity verification. Effective immediately, users can complete KYC verification for Layer Protocol on the Insights Network. Link to medium post. Quantstamp - Quantstamp will audit Layer Protocol's ICO and protocol smart contracts in the near future. Link to medium post about the partnership. MedChain - Medchain is the leading blockchain Electornic Health Record platform. You can read about the partnership here. No Rest Labs - No Rest Labs is the premium blockchain development firm, that has significantly contributed to top tier projects including Lendroid, WeTrust, Aimedis, and tagMonkey, and are the minds behind five open-source blockchain tools: MouseXplore, MouseKYC, MouseSDK, MouseWallet, and MouseUtility. MouseBelt - The world’s first full-service blockchain accelerator. Read the medium post here. Spin - Spin provides your community with dockless scooter-share to get you where you need to go—whether you’re commuting to work, going to class, running errands on the weekends or exploring your city. With Spin, you’re free to roam. Layer Protocol Team Core Team Euwyn Poon - Co-Founder - Euwyn is entrepreneur, lawyer and software engineer who has been involved in the blockchain industry for 5 years. In 2014, he co-founded Delta, one of the first projects to offer interest-bearing Bitcoin accounts, which was backed by Y Combinator, Initialized Capital and Winklevoss Capital. He has spoken at CoinSummit London and Inside Bitcoins and has been featured on Bloomberg, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Forbes, Vice, CNBC and Fox Business News. https://www.linkedin.com/in/euwyn/ Derrick Ko - Co-Founder - Derrick is a senior software engineer and product manager, and is also the Co-founder & CEO of Spin, an electric scooter sharing company serving over 50 markets in the US. Previous experience includes Lyft, Kicksend, Pivotal Labs and is a Y Combinator alumni. https://www.linkedin.com/in/derrickk/ Zaizhuang Cheng - CTO & Co-founder - Zaizhuang is a senior software engineer, previously lead engineering at Disqus and built a Singapore based startup Yum. He is also CTO at Spin. https://www.linkedin.com/in/zaizhuang/ Galen Danziger - External CTO - Galen has been a CTO of many successful startups in Silicon Valley, participated in 500 startups program with tagMonkey and is a CTO in No Rest Labs, an software development company providing development services in the blockchain space. Lead the development for Lendroid. https://www.linkedin.com/in/galen-danziger-83877179/ Patrick McLain - External DevOps - Patrick is the leader of Blockchain accelerator MouseBelt, and leads the operations at No Rest Labs, providing development team along with Galen to Layer Protocol. Previously also went through 500 startups program with tagMonkey alongside Galen. Advisors Shayne Coplan - Founder & CEO of TokenUnion https://www.linkedin.com/in/shaynecoplan/ Michael Ma - General Partner at Liquid 2 Ventures https://www.linkedin.com/in/michaelma8/ Dmitry Grishin - Co-founder of Grishin Robotics, Mail.ru (DST) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dmitry_Grishin Josh Fraser - Co-founder of Origin Protocol https://www.linkedin.com/in/joshuafrase Matthew Liu - Co-founder of Origin Protocol https://www.linkedin.com/in/matthewliu/ Gee Chuang - Co-founder of Ink Protocol and Listia https://www.linkedin.com/in/geechuang/ Kenzi Wang - General Partner at AU21, a blockchain fund https://www.linkedin.com/in/kwang2/ David Chen - Former Partner at Lightspeed https://www.linkedin.com/in/dchen/ Token metrics: Token Total Supply: 1,000,000,000 LRX The hard cap is $15M There is no soft cap Token Allocation: 40% token sale, 15% team and advisors (2 year vesting), 30% company reserve (growth of team, build core partner network, user acquisition and control economics), 15% community (onboard partners, nodes and community growth) Usage of Funds: 40% User Acquisition, 20% BD and Partnerships, 10% Operations and Overheads, 30% Engineering How do I stay up to-date on announcements and updates? Please check our Telegram announcements channel for latest updates. You may also wish to stay up-to-date on other Layer Protocol progress/news through the official blog on Medium https://medium.com/layerprotocol Project links: Website: https://layerprotocol.com/ Telegram Group: https://t.me/layerprotocol Telegram ANN: https://t.me/layerprotocolannouncements Twitter: https://twitter.com/LayerProtocol Medium: https://medium.com/layerprotocol Whitepaper: https://docsend.com/view/esxs96z
Bitcoin cannot be more anonymous than cash and it is not likely to prevent criminal investigations from being conducted. Additionally, Bitcoin is also designed to prevent a large range of financial crimes. To learn more about Bitcoin, please visit the complete FAQ or the Bitcoin Wiki. Videos. What is Bitcoin - Funke Video on Youtube. What is Bitcoin - Weusecoins Video on Youtube More formats ... In April, the company received investments from Google Ventures, Andreessen Horowitz, IDG Capital Partners, FF Angel, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Bitcoin Opportunity Fund and Vast Ventures in the amount of $ 1.5 million. In 2013, the company was renamed Ripple Labs. Ryan Fagger completely handed over the reins to Chris Larsen, who changed the company's strategy: he decided to work with banks ... The early years were all about setting up the digital infrastructure, but along the way, the system proved so successful that the venture has recently picked up serious funding from Andreessen Horowitz, FF Angel IV, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Vast Ventures, Google, and even the Bitcoin Opportunity Fund. These investors clearly see the advantages that Ripple has over the competition. Andreessen Horowitz, FF Angel LLC, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Pantera Capital, Vast Ventures, Bitcoin Opportunity Fund: US$2.5 million May 2013 : Angel : Google Ventures, IDG Capital Partners: US$3.0 million November 2013 : Seed : Core Innovation Capital, Venture51, Camp One Ventures, IDG Capital Partners : US$3.5 million May 2015 : Series A : IDG Capital Partners, Seagate Technology, AME ... Andreessen Horowitz, FF Angel LLC, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Pantera Capital, Vast Ventures, Bitcoin Opportunity Fund: US$2.5 million Mai 2013 : Angel : Google Ventures, IDG Capital Partners: US$3.0 million November 2013 : Seed : Core Innovation Capital, Venture51, Camp One Ventures, IDG Capital Partners : US$3.5 million Mai 2015 : Series A : IDG Capital Partners, Seagate Technology, AME ...
Learn more at www.coinsumm.it VC panel - investment opportunities in the Bitcoin space Micky Malka, Ribbit Capital, Jeremy Liew, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Hemant Taneja, General Catalyst ... Lightspeed Ventures' Liew on Snap and Celebrity-Backed Startups - Duration: 5:35. Bloomberg Technology 1,387 views. 5:35 . LIVE: Watch stocks trade in real time as historic sell-off in oil ... The future of bitcoin and other virtual currencies from an Investor's perspective. The New York Hearings on Bitcoin (Day 1 Panel 1). Featuring Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss. Participants: *Barry ... http://www.kirstenwinkler.com I had the great pleasure of talking with Yoni Cheifetz, Managing Director Isreal at Lightspeed Venture Partners about the Googl... Amerikanske Lightspeed Venture Partners har tværtimod estimeret, at blot 0.5% af Bitcoin-transaktionsvolumenen anvendes til at handle stoffer. Til sammenligning vurderer FN, at 1% af verdens ...